Ethical Guidelines

Redfame Publishing is committed to integrity in scientific research. In order to ensure that our journals’ contributions to the scientific record are reliable and meet the ethical standards expected by the global scientific community, we have developed the following code of ethics to support editors, authors, and reviewers in understanding the standards of behavior they should follow in carrying out their roles in the journal publishing process.

◆ Publisher’s Responsibilities

◆ Editors’ Responsibilities

◆ Authors’ Responsibilities

◆ Peer Reviewers’ Responsibilities


Publisher’s Responsibilities:

We follow the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)’s Core Practices. In addition, some key points are listed below:

  • Ensure that the standards outlined above are followed scrupulously.
  • Support the extensive efforts of journal editors and the often unsung volunteer work of peer reviewers in maintaining the integrity of the scholarly record.
  • Support, invest in, and nurture the scholarly communication process.

Editors’ Responsibilities:

We follow the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)’s Core Practices. In addition, some key points are listed below:

  • Act in a balanced, objective, and unbiased manner with regard to gender, sexual orientation, religious or political beliefs, and ethnic or geographical origin of the authors.
  • Acknowledge receipt of submitted manuscripts within two days and ensure the efficient, fair, and timely review process of submitted manuscripts.
  • Make decisions to accept or reject a manuscript for publication with reference only to the manuscript’s importance, originality, clarity, and relevance to the journal.
  • Respect the intellectual independence of authors.
  • Disclose any potential conflicts of interest.
  • Consider the use of the authors’ suggested peer reviewers for their submitted articles while maintaining the right to choose other peer reviewers.
  • Ensure the confidentiality of the names and other details of peer reviewers except in cases involving adjudication and appeal, during which reviewer names may be revealed if appropriate.
  • Respond to any suggestions of scientific misconduct or to convincing evidence that the main substance or conclusions of a published manuscript are erroneous, usually through consultation with the author. This may require the publication of a formal “retraction” or correction.
  • Refrain from disclosing information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than those involved in the publishing process as appropriate.
  • Handle submissions for sponsored supplements or special issues in the same way as other submissions to ensure that articles are considered and accepted solely on their academic merits and without commercial influence.

Authors’ Responsibilities:

  • Gather and interpret data honestly and without breaching copyrights. When reproducing figures and/or schemes from previous publications, it is the authors’ responsibility to obtain appropriate permissions from the relevant publishers.
  • Confirm that their manuscripts as submitted are neither under consideration nor have been accepted for publication elsewhere.
  • Present concise and accurate reports as well as objective discussions of the significance of their research.
  • Avoid plagiarism as well as self-plagiarism, i.e. not submitting the same or substantially similar material (data or text) as contained in any previously published work, including review articles.
  • Avoid undue fragmentation of their work into multiple manuscripts to maximize the number of articles for publication.
  • Ensure all contributors have approved the final versions of their manuscripts and submissions.
  • Limit authorship to and include all of those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the work.
  • Provide full and prominent disclosure of original sources at the time of submission when re-publishing papers in other languages.
  • Ensure that manuscripts are submitted for publication in only one journal at a time.
  • Ensure that submitted articles contain no personal criticism of other scientists.
  • Ensure that any studies involving human or animal subjects conform to national, local, and institutional laws and requirements.
  • Notify promptly the editor or publisher if a significant error in their published article is identified and cooperate with the editors and publisher to release an erratum, addendum, corrigendum notice, or to retract the paper if necessary.
  • Declare all sources of funding for work in their manuscripts and any potential conflicts of interest.

Peer Reviewers’ Responsibilities:

We follow the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)’s Core Practices. In addition, some key points are listed below:

  • Respect confidentiality.
  • Respect copyright protection of submissions by not using in their own research or work any unpublished data, information, interpretation, or discussion from a submitted article.
  • Maintain objectivity in reviewing submissions and avoid personal criticism of authors.
  • Be aware of potential conflicts of interest (financial, institutional, collaborative, or other relationships between the reviewer and author) and be willing to alert the editor to these, even if it means withdrawing themselves from reviewing a manuscript.
  • Be vigilant for plagiarized material and/or falsified and/or manipulated data and be willing to alert the editor if this is suspected in a manuscript.